Interesting facts about tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is an infection caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which usually affects the lungs. In rare cases, this infection can affect the kidneys, spine, and brain.
There are two types of infections caused by this type of virus: tuberculosis latent, which is not contagious and tuberculosis disease, which is contagious.
An infected person with latent tuberculosis usually does not show symptoms and does not feel sick. Diagnosing this infection is done through skin tests and blood tests. Transferring this infection to others is impossible. People who have this infection may not develop into the disease, because the bacterium tends to stay in dormancy. Transferring this infection to a disease can only be done in people who have a weak immune system.
Some of the symptoms of tuberculosis disease are: persistent coughing, chest pain, weight loss, night sweats, nausea and dizziness. Transfer of bacteria to other people is possible. Tuberculosis is one of the major causes of deaths around the world.
Tuberculosis virus can be carried by coughing, sneezing or saliva.
Facts about tuberculosis over the years:
Italian scientist Girolomano Fracastoro gives the first theory that tuberculosis is sticky.
In 1679, Irish scientist Francis Sylvius gives details of the consequences tuberculosis has.
In 1882, German doctor Robert Koch discovered the bacterium that causes this infection.
In 1921, bacteriologist Albert Calmette succeeded in creating a vaccine against this bacterium.
In 1994, the World Organization declared tuberculosis as a global emergency.
In 2010, a method was discovered to detect tuberculosis within a few hours.
In 2018, a very promising vaccine was created and showed the effect on many people who were diagnosed with tuberculosis.