How can cervical cancer be diagnosed, signs that have the disease and how can it be prevented whenever possible? All of this will be explained today by the Institute of Public Health specialist, Happiness Mercury.
What Is Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer is a tumor that is formed in the cervix. The cervix is located at the uterine end and connects it to the vagina. Cervical cancer occurs when cervical cells begin to grow abnormally and uncontrollably.
How often is cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in women and it is especially encountered in women around the age of 40. Cervical cancer is the second in breast cancer, but has a higher mortality rate. In most cases, cervical cancer is caught in very advanced stages.
What is the major cause of cervical cancer?
The main cause of cervical cancer is the Human papilloma virus or HPV. There are more than 100 types of HPV virus, but some of them are high-risk viruses and causes of cervical cancer.
HPV is a virus that remains hidden in the body without giving any signs of illness. HPV spreads through sexual contact. That is why women who often change sexual partners are more likely to be affected by cervical cancer. HPV infection is more common in younger age groups, which are sexually active.
How long will cervical cancer develop?
From the moment of the appearance of abnormal cells in the cervix to full screening of cervical cancer, it takes many years, about 10 to 20 years. Fortunately, the long duration of development of this type of cancer allows a woman to catch it on time, if checked regularly.
How Can I Protect From Cervical Cancer?
The risk for cervical cancer is reduced if you:
Vaccinate with the vaccine against HPV that causes cervical cancer.
Make regular PAP-Test. Take a routine visit once a year to a gynecologist.
Vaccinations, PAP-Tests regularly, visits once a year to a gynecologist, protect you from cervical cancer.
What is a HPV vaccine?
Thanks to the achievements of science, today is produced a vaccine that protects against infection with the HPV virus. The vaccine provides high protection for the two types of virus that are the most common cause of cervical cancer.
Is there a vaccine in Albania?
Fortunately, the vaccine is also available today in Albania, at the pharmacy.
At what age is the vaccine recommended?
The vaccine is recommended to be done before the onset of sexual activity, ie prior to infection with the HPV virus. The recommended age is between the ages of 10 to 26 years. But even all women over this age can be vaccinated if they are still uninfected at the time of vaccination. Vaccination reduces the risk of uterine cancer, but does not eliminate the need for PAP-Tests.
What is PAP-Test?
PAP-Test is a quick and simple test done to see cervical cells. This test may indicate if you have an infection in the cervix, abnormal cell or cervical cancer.
Why is PAP-Test so important?
Because regular PAP-Tests detect abnormal cells in the early stages without giving cervical cancer yet. Most of the cervical cancers can be caught in time, when treatment becomes easier and the chances of curing it are much greater.
All women have to do PAP-Test and how often?
It is important for all women to do PAP-Test regularly as part of their common health care. It is recommended that all women, three years after starting sexual activity, should perform the PAP Test on a regular basis. The recommendations for carrying out the PAP Test are different. Some recommend performing a PAP test every 1 to 3 years. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) it is recommended: All women ages 21 to 65 should perform PAP-Test on a regular basis.
What if the outcome of the PAP Test is abnormal?
If the outcome of the PAP-Test is abnormal, it means that some abnormal cells are found in the cervix but this does not always mean that they are cancerous. It is important to remember that abnormal cells do not always become cancerous. In some cases, abnormal parts should be removed to prevent cancer. This requires a simple treatment at the gynecological hospital and does not require you to be accommodated. This treatment does not affect sexual life or the ability to have children.